Difficulty falling and staying asleep, also known as insomnia, is a common sleep disorder that can have a significant impact on overall health and well-being. There are many potential causes of insomnia, ranging from stress and lifestyle factors to underlying medical conditions. Here are some possible reasons why someone may experience difficulty falling and staying asleep:

Stress and anxiety

Stressful life events, such as work pressure, relationship issues, or financial worries, can cause racing thoughts and make it difficult to relax and fall asleep. Anxiety about sleep itself, known as “sleep anxiety,” can also exacerbate insomnia symptoms.

Poor sleep habits

Irregular sleep schedules, excessive caffeine or alcohol consumption, and exposure to electronic devices before bedtime can disrupt the body’s natural sleep-wake cycle and make it harder to fall asleep.

Mental health conditions

Conditions such as depression, bipolar disorder, or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can disrupt sleep patterns and contribute to insomnia symptoms. Treating the underlying mental health condition is essential for improving sleep quality.


If you suspect that your medication is affecting your sleep, talk to your doctor about possible alternatives or adjustments.

What can you do to improve sleep?

If you’re experiencing difficulty falling and staying asleep, it’s essential to address the underlying causes and seek appropriate treatment. Practicing good sleep hygiene, managing stress, and establishing a relaxing bedtime routine can help improve sleep quality.

Create a relaxing environment

Create a relaxing environment and bedtime routine to prepare for a good relaxing night’s sleep, such as a bath and wind down time with soft lighting and sleep in a darkened room. Avoid napping during the day or engaging in stimulating activities before bed as this can contribute to insomnia. Establishing good sleep hygiene practices can help improve sleep quality.

Counselling can help

It’s essential to address the underlying causes in person centred counselling sessions. I help you explore the source of your anxiety, stress or trauma symptoms that are contributing or the fundamental reasons for your insomnia.